Table 6a. Instrumentation on the ER-2, WB-57 and C-130

Instrumentation ER-2 WB-57 C-130
A. Radiation (F.P.J. Valero, SIO)
1) US Instruments (F.P.J. Valero, SIO)
a) TDDR: total-direct-diffuse radiometer; direct and scattered solar radiance in narrow spectral bands between 0.38-1.6 µm; the direct beam yields extinction optical depth; two instruments, one looking up and one down 2 2
b) SBR: short-wave broadband radiometer; measures integrated irradiance (flux) between 0.4 and 3 µm
c) NFOVR: narrow-field-of-view long-wave radiometer; measures the radiance in two broad spectral bands; one in 8-12 µm window and one from 5 to 50 µm 2 2
d) BBHIR: broadband hemispherical-field-of-view IR radiometer; measures net long-wave flux by differencing up and down flux 1 2
e) HIS, narrow field interferometer, scanning infrared 3.4-16.7µm, 0.5 cm-1 res. (W. Smith, U Wisconsin) 2 2
f) TAFTS trop. airborne fourier transform spect., 0.006 sr, 15-100 µm, 1 cm-1 res. (J. E. Harries, Imperial College, London) 1
B. Lidar
a) downward-looking; measures cloud-top height and structure; cloud base can be estimated for clouds with visible optical depth < 2.5 - 3.5 (J. Spinhirne, NASA) 1
b) SABL-Scanning Aerosol Backscatter Lidar 1.06 and 0.53 µm (B. Morley, NCAR) 1
C. Aerosols
1) US Instruments (A. Clarke, UH)
a) Size distribution 0.08 - 2 µm (Wilson, UD) 1
b) Size and distribution 0.03 - 20 µm (Dye/Baumgardner, NCAR) 1
c) Condensation nuclei (Wilson, UD) 1
d) Refractive index (Dye/Baumgardner, NCAR) 1
e) Single particle composition (Murphy, NOAA/AL) 1
f) Particle collection by impaction (Goodman/Pueschel, SJS/Ames) 1
g) Cirrus nucleation/CCN/IN (Heymsfield/Cooper, NCAR) 1
h) Radiance Research CLAP, absorp. coef. 550nm, D<1µm;d>10µm (J. Ogren, NOAA/CMDL) 1
i) Aspirated LAS-X OPC size dist,15-7.0µm,volatility@40šC,150šC and 300šC (A. Clarke, UH) 1
j) Two TSI 3760 CN counts 0.015-3.0µm,@40šC and 300šC (A. Clarke, UH) 2
k) TSI 3010, CN count 0.01-3.0µm (A. Clarke, UH) 1
l) TSI 3025, CN count 0.003-3.0 µm[will yield ultrafine CN,0.003-0.01µm by difference with TSI 3010] (A. Clarke, UH) 1
m) RDMA Radial Differential Mobility Analyzer .07-.35 µm size dist (A. Clarke, UH) 1
n) Radiance Research CLAP, abs. coeff [inferred black carbon] 550nm (A. Clarke, UH) 1
0) TSI 3563 multi-WL Nephelometer, "dry" total scatter/backscatter [also operated with and without 1.0 µm size cuts] (A. Clarke, UH, J. Ogren, NOAA/CMDL) 1
p) PVM-100A, aerosols-LWC, effective radius, PSA, 2-70µm (Clarke, UH; Baumgardner, NCAR) 1
2) European Instruments
a) PCASP-100x, size-dist, 0.12-3.0 µm (M. Andreae, MPIC) 1
b) CCN, count (M. Andreae, MPIC) 1
c) TSI 3563 multi-WL "wet" nephelometer (M. Andreae, MPIC; J. Ogren, NOAA/CMDL) 1
d) Carbonaceous Aerosol (M. Andreae, MPIC) 1
e) CVI aerosol (F. Arnold, MPIK) 1
D. Water Vapor (B. Gandrud, NCAR)
1) Cryogenic hygrometer and chilled EG&G hygrometer measures water vapor at flight attitudes (A. Heymsfield, NCAR) 1
2) Dropsondes (NCAR): measures temperature, humidity and horizontal winds; dropped from WB-57 by parachute 1
E. Microphysics (A. Heymsfield, NCAR)
1) PMS FSSP-300 and 2-D gray-scale probe: measures ice-crystal size, distribution and shape 1
2) ice-particle collector (snow stick) 1
3) ice video sampler; ice-particle habitat 1
4) Rosemount temperature probe; icing probe for total ice-water content 1
F. Cloud Imagers
1) MAS: MODIS airborne simulator; images a scene of ~20 km wide with a spatial resolution of several meters; has 50 spectral channels (M. King, NASA-Goddard) 1
2) Video camera: continuous images of the scene being viewed by the aircraft 1 1
3) MCR: multichannel cloud radiometer, images scenes ~30 km wide, spatial res. ~100 m, 7 channels (J. Coakley, OSU; L. Radke, K. Laursen, NCAR) 1
G. Chemistry (A. Tuck, NOAA/AL)
1) US Instruments
a) Water (total and vapor) (Kelly, NOAA/AL) 1
b) SO2, H2SO4 vapor (Fahey, NOAA/AL) 1
c) HNO3 vapor (Fahey, NOAA/AL) 1
d) NO/NOx/NOy/O3 (Ridley, NCAR) 1
e) N2O/CO (Coffey/Mankin, NCAR) 1
f) CO (Fehsenfeld, NOAA/AL) 1
g) CO2 (Boering, Harvard) 1
h) CFC's (Atlas, NCAR) 1
2) European Instruments
a) a) Soluble ions, SO4=, NO3-, NH4+, Na+, Cl-, MSA . . . (M. Andreae, MPIC) 1
b) HPLC SO2 (S. Rapsomanikis, MPIC) 1
c) API/MS DMD (S. Rapsomanikis, MPIC) 1
d) MS SO2, HNO3, HNO4, (CH3)2CO, HF, HCl, H2O2, NMHC, HOx, H2SO4, NH4 (F. Arnold, MPIK) 1